People argue all the time. But do you know that arguing can also be a form of intellectual exchange? It may sound ridiculous and insane, but think about it like this: when you see two people engaging in a heated debate on which movie category is the best, either romantic-comedy or pure horror, you begin to notice on how much people are willing to speak up just to get their opinions through the other person.
This kind of debate may be informal and improper, but in a manner of speaking, it makes good dinner table conversation and does stimulate your brain cells to become more curious and get more involved with the news as to what is happening in society at present.
But if you are looking to put your talents to good use as a public speaker and perhaps as a future lawyer, a good training ground would be to join the debate team.
But take note that the topics that will be deliberated in the debate proper are not going to be those informal topics e. Here are some of the things that you may need to know beforehand when you are making your debate speech. Understand how debates work. Your team must take a stance either affirmative or negative to the resolution.
Whether you get the option to choose your stance or if it gets assigned to you, you must not be in a position to complain. Although it is often true that one side would be easier to defend than the other, but without the proper research and the proper rebuttal, you may be placed in a very difficult position.
In some debate formats, this can be also called a motion and the sides will be proposition and opposition. In a team, there are at least 3 speakers and a representative who is often the last one to speak to present a summary of the points that were being made earlier at the end of the debate round. Each speaker is given a minimum of 4 to 5 minutes as a first speaker to deliver his or her piece to the audience for that certain side.
Each speaker then present arguments against the earlier pro or con speech that was just read. There are often segments involving crossfire, in which the debaters are allowed to ask questions and openly debate the topic. This may be called a Point of Information, and occurs when someone from the other team interrupts to ask a question or make a point.
Spread and Scale Prompt Debate Example image. Write an introduction that is catchy and interesting. The introduction is usually the make or break section of every good debate. Just like delivering an essay or a PowerPoint presentation for your class, your introduction must be catchy and interesting or lively even so that everyone will fix their attention on you and to what you are going to say.
Do not forget that debates are formal and are meant to be serious. So make sure that your introduction must show the same level of professionalism. That is a fact. And when your good impressions manage to get the attention of the judges, you are then off to a good start as it will often lead them to assume the debater is persuasive.
One technique to write a strong introduction is to contextualize the topic, especially in relation to real world events. Introductions can also focus on prominent examples, quotations, or on a personal anecdote that can help establish a rapport with the audience and judges.
Outline where you stand very clearly. It is possible that somewhere along the speech you might get sidetracked and eventually lose sight on what side you actually belong to in the first place. When stating your stance, make sure that you do it early on. Do not wait for the judges and the audience to find out which side you belong to at the very end. Make key points to back up your stance. As you deliver your speech, there exists the possibility of becoming lost in your speech that you end up babbling nonsense.
There is actually no denying that. One good way to do this is to back up your position with three to four strong points of supporting argumentation. More than one to two key points are required to back up your stance. Develop your key points. Without substance in your key points, it is considered meaningless as you will just look like some stupid guy who is just blabbering his or her opinion without any backup whatsoever.During these challenging times, we guarantee we will work tirelessly to support you.
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We will get through this together. Updated: March 23, References. So, you've joined debate, and it's time to write a debate speech.
There are some tried and true methods to writing an effective debate speech. If you understand them, and the components that make up a standard debate speech, you will increase your chances of success. To write a debate speech, start by researching the topic thoroughly with credible and scholarly sources, and make an outline of your argument including an introduction, thesis argument, key points, and conclusion. Write the thesis argument and develop strong points of argumentation.
Be sure to clearly state your stance, and utilize expert opinions, statistics, and examples to support your opinion. To finish the speech, write an interesting introduction that incorporates your thesis and a brief conclusion that summarizes your main points.
18+ Debate Report Writing Examples – PDF
Article Edit. Learn why people trust wikiHow. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness.
Together, they cited information from 8 references. Learn more Explore this Article Sample Speeches. Preparing for the Debate Speech.
Writing the Debate Speech. Concluding the Debate Speech. Show 1 more Show less Tips and Warnings. Related Articles. Article Summary. Sample Speeches Sample Proposition. Part 1 of Different styles of debate offer their own distinct format and focus. The most widely used format at the university level is Parliamentary Debate, although certain regions of the world have their own, slightly different version of it. IDEA predominantly employs the Karl Popper Debate format with secondary school students and the Parliamentary format with secondary and university students.
New debate formats are created all the time; some of them stay, some of them do not.
If you feel the following is not comprehensive or there are improvements you could make, please Contact Us. Online Debate Online debating formats are meant to allow debaters to engage in short debates using instant messaging or video conferencing software. These debates will have one debater representing the "affirmative" and another debater presenting the "negative". While online debates are not meant to replace face-to-face communication, they are a way to bridge geographic distances and to allow for discussion between people who might not otherwise have a chance to meet.
IDEA expects the opportunities for debating on the Internet to improve as technology improves and believes this format will be dynamic and open to change. Team Debate Karl Popper Debate The Karl-Popper format focuses on relevant and often deeply divisive propositions, emphasizing the development of critical thinking skills and tolerance for differing viewpoints. Debaters work together in teams of three and must research both sides of each issue.
Each team is given the opportunity to offer arguments and direct questions to the opposing team. Judges then offer constructive feedback, commenting on logical flaws, insufficient evidence or arguments that debaters may have overlooked. This format was developed for use in secondary school programs and competitions. It is popular in Central and Eastern Europe and in Russia.
It is the format employed at the annual IDEA Youth Forum — a two week debate event for secondary school students from all over the world. The distinguishing features of the format are: cross-examination, when four of the six debaters ask their opponents questions; and preparation time, when debaters can prepare before their speeches.
This format emphasizes team work and is a good format for beginner debaters, because each speaker in this debate speaks once only and members of the team need to communicate with each other during the designated preparation time. Parliamentary Debate Many formats of debate are described as 'parliamentary'. This is really a catch-all term which simply means that they are loosely modeled on the practices of the British parliamentary system and other parliaments around the world that adopted those practices.
In practice it means that the motion for debate is treated in much the same way as a legislative Bill placed before the UK House of Commons. The motion always stands in the name of the Government also called 'the Proposition' and it is the job of the Opposition to demonstrate that the motion is either impractical or immoral.
The distinguishing factor of parliamentary formats, of which there are many, is the use of Points of Information PoI. These points allow debaters to interrupts a speaker to ask a question or offer information which favors their side of the debate. Both Proposition and Opposition speakers can offer PoIs, but only to the other side. It is not compulsory to accept a PoI, but in competitive debate speakers are penalized if they fail to take any.
Usually the first and last sections of a speech are 'protected time' during which PoIs may not be offered.DEBATE ( WITH EASY EXAMPLE) PART -2
In many parliamentary formats the terminology of the House of Commons has also been adopted with the first proposition speaker being referred to as the Prime Minister and the first opposition speaker being known as the Leader of the Opposition. The chair or presiding adjudicator is usually referred to as Mister or Madam Speaker and all remarks are addressed to them not the other debaters. British Parliamentary BP This is the name of the format used for the World Universities Debating Championship and has, as a result, become the default format for many university societies, especially in the English speaking world.In preparation for debate exercises, students should have a clear understanding of the elements of argumentation pp.
It is also helpful to introduce ethical advocacy in deliberative communities pp. To begin the process, the class works together to identify commonplaces points of agreementissues points of disagreementand strong arguments for and against adoption of the resolution. This work is also critical for preparation of the deliberation log. The notions of presumption and burden of proof are important here See pages Affirmatives will carry the burden of proof, while Negatives will have presumption in their favor.
To help create balance, affirmatives will open and close the debates. Additionally, Negative presenters will have the responsibility to provide direct responses to the Affirmative cases as presented.
Significance: The problems they identify with the status quo are significant; 2. Inherency: The problems are inherent to the system the system requires significant change to resolve the problems ; 3. Solvency: The affirmative has a specific plan a detailed way of implementing the resolution and this plan will contribute significantly to the resolution of the problem.
Below are several examples:. However, the parameters of significance, inherency, and solvency provide helpful guidelines for first-time debaters. Similarly, as Negatives prepare their responses, it is helpful to think in terms of significance, inherency and solvency.
Although students will serve as advocates for positions, their presentational goal is not to win assent or to persuade, but rather to help the audience make an informed decision.
Assessments of performances should correspond to this goal. Each presentation will involve two teams two Affirmative speakers and two Negative speakers using a pre-assigned format such as the following:.
Was adequate support provided for controversial claims? Is the Affirmative plan viable? Would it solve the alleged problems without incurring significant disadvantages? What options does the Negative team propose for addressing acknowledged problems?
Second Affirmative Constructive: Respond directly to the concerns raised by the First Negative Constructive speaker and by the audience during cross examination periods. Provide additional support for claims where needed and refutation of Negative claims as appropriate. Provide additional support where needed and refutation as appropriate. No new evidence or claims may be presented during rejoinder speeches. Cross Examination: This period should be used to explore issues and to seek additional information.
Cross examiners may not use this time to make claims or present arguments. Nor should examinees exploit this opportunity by providing needlessly prolonged answers. As a result of cross examination, the audience should be better informed or otherwise better equipped to make judgments about relevant issues.As you may have already inferred, my partner and I stand in firm affirmation of this topic: English should indeed be made the official language of the United States of America.
In our first speech, I will be talking to about how our country is suffering without an official language and why we need one.
How to Start an Introduction for a Debate
After taking some time to respond to our opponents, my partner will address how adopting an official language policy will be tremendously helpful to everyone, whether they presently speak English or not. The first point we want to bring up is something vital: communication. Without it, a business owner could never sell her products. A patient could never tell his doctor what his symptoms are. If you do not speak the same language as a person, it is basically the same as not being able to communicate at all.
Right now, in the United States, we deal with language barriers by making government documents and materials available in a wide array of languages via translation. The problems with this are twofold. First, this is a band-aid solution that forces a dependency on the beneficiary of the translations.
Second, translation is not cheap and there is no end in sight. If the government continues on this course, it will have to dump money into translating all official materials at an ever-increasing rate. The second point we would like to address is the equity of the American Dream.
No matter who you are or where you are from, hard work and determination will give you a fair shot to succeed in the USA. For that to be the case, however, we need to make sure that we are doing everything possible to make sure that everyone is getting an equal chance at success. We can only do this by making sure that everyone served by our government, which is everyone who lives in the USA, can speak the same language. If we fail in this, our government is neglecting the needs of non-native English speakers and indirectly favoring those born into families that speak English.
Ladies and gentlemen, our opponents are correct in one thing, and that is stressing the importance of this topic. To begin, their definition of what an English Only policy would be like is flawed. By claiming that there would still be translations but they would save money by switching to ESL education, they are attempting to claim the benefits of their position without addressing the harms it does to society.
My partner and I disagree with the other team and believe that the United States should not adopt English as its official language. The US has never had such a policy, has never needed one, and certainly does not need one now.
The two points my opponent presented can be grouped into one single point, which is as follows: We need an English Only policy to benefit the people who do not speak English. The fact is, such a policy would not help them at all. They could only make a difference with this policy if money were taken out of providing translations. If that were done, however, tens of thousands of non-English speaking adults would be disenfranchised unless they were forced to attend ESL classes, which would quickly become a financial hardship and a violation of personal liberty.
Fortunately, the United States has always been a nation of immigrants. Since our inception, people have poured in from all corners of the globe to make the United States of America what it is today.
Indeed, it is our diversity, rather than our homogeneity, that is our greatest strength. We only have the strong economy we do because our infrastructure was built by hard working immigrants from places including Italy, China, Germany, and Switzerland.
In the past, these demographics were mistreated severely. Along with the violation of their civil rights, they were stereotyped as being isolationist foreigners and a threat to American culture and the English language. History has shown this notion to be nothing more than alarmist xenophobia.
These groups have integrated into our linguistic culture and even helped American English to become more distinct from English spoken in other parts of the world. Allow me to start off by restating that the United States of America definitely needs to declare English as its official language, and what our opponents have said supports that.
The biggest example that supports our position is the hardship suffered by the immigrant groups they listed.This is a template. It tells you the format, but does not tell you the content.
Debate Writing Format CBSE with Examples
That depends on your research. Instead, fill in the information on your research question and your sources. This template uses a mix of formal and informal styles.
For example, you might start with the summary, do the critique and then say how it relates to your question. The more of this kind of detail you can get into your outline, the easier it will be to write your paper. Introduction State what the research question is. Give an overview of what the different sources say about the question. First source Give a quick summary of the source a sentence or a few at most State how it answers the question If it does not answer the question directly, explain what ideas or information it provides that contributes to an answer.
Critique the source: Evidence: Is it sufficient, relevant and representative? Reasoning: Are the assumptions valid? Do the conclusions add up? Conclusion Sum up again how the different sources answer the research question. State your answer to the research question. This will be the thesis of your final research paper. Think of this part of the conclusion as a summary of your research paper, like the summaries of all your sources. Things to Watch Out For The single most common mistake people make in this assignment is that they write a draft of their research paper, not focused on the sources but focused on their own thesis.
See Organization: Debate vs. Research for a comparison of the two papers. In your outline, list as much of this material as you can, based on the reading you have done so far.
After you have the outline and have drafted the basic content of each paragraph.The art of the debate is something that has been practiced among people for centuries.
Like any performance or conversation though, the introduction to a debate is the most important part. Your introduction grabs your audience and gets their attention. As such, it should be one of the most thought out parts of your argument. Research your part of the debate. Say for instance you are arguing for stricter gun control.
You should already have your statistics on gun ownership, reasoning for stricter controls and what benefits that should have, and counter arguments against your opposition's likely points prepared before you sit down to work on your introduction. Examine your points carefully. Your introduction should take the best points you prepared in your debate, without actually using them up front. For example, if you were opening a debate for gay marriage on the pro side, you should mention broad points, such as the idea of equal rights.
You should not include specific numbers in your introduction. Write your introduction. It should include a statement of your purpose and view on the debate, as well as list broad, persuasive points. The language used should be appealing to your target audience, and your introduction should be as brief as possible, taking no more than seconds to read aloud. Test your introduction on a target audience.
Find someone outside of your research and ask them to read it, or to listen to you read it. Ask them for feedback. Find out what parts of the introduction work, if the language is right, and if the tone is proper. Then revise your introduction, and try it again.
Once your introduction has been revised, revamped, and tested on other people, it's ready to be read. Care should be taken that every part of your debate undergoes the same treatment as the introduction, otherwise your audience will be sucked in by a false promise. Neal Litherland is an author, blogger and occasional ghostwriter. His experience includes comics, role playing games and a variety of other projects as well.
He holds a bachelor's degree in criminal justice from Indiana University, and resides in Northwest Indiana. Need to cite a webpage? Download our chrome extension. How to Cite. The Rewrite. How to: Expository Presentations. How to Write a Self-Reflective Essay.